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Long Soldier




If the following photo is one that you are referring to, the tall Indian on the top step has been misidentified for years as Bloody Knife.

LBHA members Charles Markantes and Cesare Marino (who is with the Smithsonian) have identified the tall Indian as Long Soldier. Charles was the first (I am aware of) who questioned the identification of Bloody Knife and discovered that it was more likely Long Soldier (see LBHA Newsletter, March 2005). Cesare took Charles' research a bit further and found that there were two Indians named Long Soldier (perhaps father and son) with the one on the right below being the most likely to have been in the Fort Lincoln photo (see LBHA Newsletter, April 2005):

Bloody Knife, close-up of Fort Lincoln photo, Long Soldier

As Cesare pointed out, more research needs to be done because the relationship between the two Long Soldiers (if any) is unknown and their tribal affiliations have been listed in the literature as Minneconjou, Hunkpapa, Two Kettle, Oglala, and Gros Ventre. — Diane Merkel

Can't take credit for the Bloody Knife/Long Soldier conjecture. The Fort Abraham Lincoln Foundation, Mandan, ND, published an item by Dakota Wind Good House, in the 2004 spring issue of Past Times, speculating Bloody Knife was misidentified in the photograph and it could have been someone else. Dakota Good House, the former Director of Native American Interpretation at the Fort Abraham Lincoln Foundation, now instructor at United Tribes Technical College in Bismarck is familiar with the people from Standing Rock. He states that in May of 1875, after the signing of the Treaty of Fort Abraham Lincoln, 400 Lakota/Dakota and 300 Mandan/Hidatsa/Arikara feasted and sang together at Fort Lincoln. Good House believes 19 Lakota/Dakota scouts signed on and served at Fort Lincoln after the treaty signing -- one of which was Long Soldier, (A-ki-ci-ta-han-ska) a Minniconjou Lakota from the Standing Rock Indian Agency. His height said to have been about 7 feet. — Charles Markantes




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