to Gall he killed soldiers with an axe, but yet confided
to some whites that he actually got to the fight late, when
it was almost over. Hundreds of books on the LBH has Gall
'leading hordes' of warriors against Custer but there dosen't
seem to be any eyewitness accounts that say this happen
and no Indian claimed to have being led by him. This seems
to be a story that Gall put forth and the newspapers were
happy to print. Many Indians didn't think much of him...he
seemed to be his own creation. There also seemed to be a
general dislike between himself and Sitting Bull, the roots
of which are unknown. — Scout
all of you who like to read more about Gall take a look
at HistoryNet where you find an interesting article by Robert
W. Larson: http://www.historynet.com/sioux-chief-gall.htm.
There are some comments regarding Gall's role in the
role at the Battle of the Little Bighorn would become
a controversial one. (...) In the first stages of the
battle, Gall was more of a victim than an active participant;
two of his wives and three of his children were killed
by the Army's Indian scouts during Reno's surprise attack.
(...) In fact, Gall spent most of the early phases of
the battle scouting Custer's five companies on the other
side of the Greasy Grass, as the Lakotas called the Little
Bighorn. His diligent search for the whereabouts of his
family also continued. (...) Gall eventually did lead
a party of warriors across the Greasy Grass, but only
after Crazy Horse and Crow King had preceded him. Following
his crossing at Medicine Tail Coulee, Gall led a resolute
charge against the dismounted troopers of Captain Miles
W. Keough on a slope north of Deep Coulee. His main contribution
was to exhort his warriors to stampede the horses of Keough's
embattled troopers, thus making it almost impossible for
them to retreat. Gall was also one of the warriors who
cut down those desperate members of Captain George F.
Yates' Company E who were charging down a hill to reach
the Greasy Grass. One historian claimed that four or five
of Yates' men ran right into the avenging Gall's arms
and were promptly killed. The ubiquitous Gall even dashed
across Custer Hill on horseback; he participated in the
attack where Custer and approximately 40 of his men were
killed during their so-called Last Stand. (...) Although
Gall was probably not the bellwether at the Little Bighorn,
as many historians have maintained, his observations have
shaped today's understanding of the battle. In 1886, at
the Little Bighorn's 10-year commemoration, Gall became
the first major Indian participant to give his version
of this bloody conflict.
Gall photos from SIRIS:
child in the right photograph is identified as Pat Clifford.]
Little Sioux there was Red Star, Strikes Two, and Boy Chief.
As they stood there together looking across the river they
saw at the foot of the ridge three women and two children
coming across the flat running and hurrying along as best
they could, on a slant towards the river. Little Sioux fired
twice at them and so did red Star. then all four of the
scouts rode through the timber toward the river to kill
them. but just at this point, they saw across the river
a large heard of about two hundred Dakota horses in the
sage bush, so they stopped pursuing the women and children
and started after the horse." — The Arikara Narrative,
They didn't admit the killing but they killed them. This
confirms Gall's account for the place where the action had
happened. — Shatonska
first two photographs above were submitted by Grahame
Wood. The right photograph by Zalmon Gilbert
of Mandan, North Dakota (from Beinecke Library, Yale University)
was submitted by Dietmar as were
the photographs in the top banner.]
the man's arm at the right of this uncropped photo of Gall:
I presume it's Captain Clifford who accompanied him to Barry's
studio. — Grahame
Father-Iciskhan-Making Many Sister- Running Horses
Mother-Cajeotawin-Walks With Many Names
Gall's family relatived to Black Moon
Wife-Stand in Center, Martina Blue Earth,
Gall's daughters names was Red Hawk Woman, Brown Woman,
Red Horses Woman English names=Nancy Shaved Elk, Sarah Shoots,
and Jenny Gall.
Society-Strong Heart Society,
Silent Eaters Society—
The following publications contain information about Gall:
Article: "Among the Sioux: The Most Restless Tribe of Indians on Earth" • Lead Daily Call • Lead, South Dakota•2 November 1895.
Article: "War With the Sioux: Indian Fights and Fighters; Part II – The Last of Custer" by Cyrus Townsend Brady • Pearson's Magazine • September 1904.
Article: "Was It Only Custer's Folly?" by Carl W. Breihan • Golden West: True Stories of the Old West • Vol. 4, No. 5 • July 1968.
Article: "What Really Happened at Little Big Horn?" by Stephanie C. Shulsinger • Real West Magazine • September 1973.
Article: "Lost 'Custer' Treasure Cache" by Grant Gordon • Pioneer West • December 1974.
Article: "Custer's Revenge" by Joseph Mizrahi •There was a time for peace and a time for war. The Sioux had fought and won at Little Big Horn, but the Red Man's defeat of Custer had enraged Washington. Fourteen years later, the end of the Indian had come • Oldtimers Wild West • No. 1 • February 1977.
Article: "Ghosts on the Little Bighorn" by Robert Paul Jordan • After a 1983 prairie fire cleared brush along Montana's Little Bighorn River, archaeologists recovered artifacts that shed new light on Custer's Last Stand. Robert Paul Jordan reports on the still controversial 1876 battle. Photographs by Scott Rutherford • The National Geographic Magazine • December 1986.
Book: Gall: Lakota War Chief by Robert W. Lawson • University of Oklahoma Press • 2007.
Article: "Gall as Remembered by Ohiyesa (Charles A. Eastman)" • Indigenous Peoples' Literature • http://www.indians.org/welker/gall.htm • Accessed November 20, 2017.
Article: "Chief Gall's Grave" by Merry Helm • Willison Herald • October 4, 2019 • http://tiny.cc/udaydz • Accessed October 4, 2019.
Article: "Native American war chief became a master of military tactics in the Dakotas" by Curt Eriksmoen • Grand Forks Herald • December 26, 2020 • http://bit.ly/3nPkI5m• Accessed December 26, 2020.
Article: "Former Lakota war chief helped his people assimilate to Standing Rock Sioux Reservation" by Curt Eriksmoen • Grand Forks Herald • January 9, 2021 • http://bit.ly/35HAWGP • Accessed January 16, 2021.